VC Rights: Up, Down, And Know What The F*** Is Going On
At the HBS VC Alumni event I was at last week (no â€“ I didn't go to HBS â€“ I was a panelist) I heard a great line from a wise old VC who has been a VC about as long as I've existed on this planet.
"VCs only need three rights: Up, Down, and Know What The F*** Is Going On"If you've read Venture Deals: How To Be Smarter Than Your Lawyer and Venture Capitalist, you already know that Jason and I agree with this statement. And even though a term sheet might be four to eight pages long and the definitive documents might be 100 pages or more, other than economics, there are really only three things a VC needs in a deal.
Up: Pro-rata rights. When things are going well (up) a VC wants the ability to continue to invest money to maintain their ownership.
Down: Liquidation preference. When things don't go well (down), a VC wants to get their money out first.
Know What The F*** Is Going On: Board seat. Beyond demonstrating that older VCs also swear in public, many people believe that with a board seat comes great power and responsibility. In reality it mainly gives one the ability to know what's actually going on, to the extent that anyone knows what's actually going on in a fast moving startup.
As I was writing this up, I remembered that Fred Wilson had a post about this a while ago. I searched his blog (using Lijit and the term pro-rata) and quickly found a great post titled The Three Terms You Must Have In A Venture Investment. He attributes this to his first VC mentor, Milt Pappas, and the three terms are the same ones referenced above. It's a great post â€“ go read it.
Entrepreneurs â€“ don't get confused by the endless mumbo-jumbo. If you haven't read Venture Deals: How To Be Smarter Than Your Lawyer and Venture Capitalist grab a copy. Or read blogs. Or do both. And VCs â€“ don't forget what terms you really care about â€“ focus on making it simple.
(Brad has been an early stage investor and entrepreneur for over twenty years. Prior to co-founding Foundry Group, he co-founded Mobius Venture Capital and, prior to that, founded Intensity Ventures, a company that helped launch and operate software companies. Brad is also a co-founder of TechStars.)